sex and immunity

Sex Steroids Hormones and Autoimmune Disease Activity

Sex Steroids Hormones and Autoimmune Disease Activity

OVERVIEW ARTICLE Females display an increased incidence of autoimmune diseases, with a sexual dimorphism in the immune response. The autoimmune diseases involve both genetic and environmental factors and the autoimmune process is characterized by the breakdown of tolerance in subjects with genetic susceptibility, with subsequent target (organ-specific and not) injury, that, in turn, elicits repairing […]

Stress Response, Sex and Immunity: the Female Superiority

Stress Response, Sex and Immunity: the Female Superiority

SHORT FEATURES and FACES ARTICLE A recent perspective published in Science Signaling outlines the gender-specific differences in the stress response and the actions of glucocorticoids, and the female superiority in terms of dealing with stress and infections. Sexual dimorphism in immunity, i.e. the differences in males and females in their immunological responses and immune function […]