psychological stress

Stress, the Reward System and the Epidemic of Obesity

Stress, the Reward System and the Epidemic of Obesity

SHORT FEATURES and FACES ARTICLE A recent review by Rajita Sinha and Ania Jastreboff from the Yale Stress Center, New Haven, CT, USA, provides an integrative perspective on the neurohormonal mechanisms by which stress affects reward pathways, and how the interactions between the stress and reward systems may contribute to the epidemic of obesity. In […]

Coping with Stress and Subtypes of Burnout Linked To Specific Detrimental Coping Strategies

Coping with Stress and Subtypes of Burnout Linked To Specific Detrimental Coping Strategies

A new study published in the journal PLOS ONE by Jesus Montero-Marin and colleagues from the University of Zaragoza, Spain, suggests that different subtypes of burnout are each related to specific detrimental coping strategies. The “burnout syndrome” includes the dimensions of exhaustion, cynicism and professional inefficacy that come with work-related stress. The interactions between burnout […]

In France After-Hours Work Emails or Calls Now Restricted In Some Companies

In France After-Hours Work Emails or Calls Now Restricted In Some Companies

According to a recent ShortCutsBlog from The Guardian, in France, there is a new, legally binding labor agreement that will require employers to make sure staff “disconnect” outside of working hours. Thus, the ability of French “bosses to invade their employees’ home lives via smartphone at any heure of the day or night” is now […]

New Survey: Over One Third of US Employees Change Jobs Because of Stress

New Survey: Over One Third of US Employees Change Jobs Because of Stress

In a recent Forbes magazine article Kathryn Dill discusses the results from two recent surveys related to job stress, indicating that many employees in the US often change jobs because of psychological stress. The first survey was conducted by the employment search site, Monster.com, with over 7000 US workers. As per another separate survey of […]

American Psychological Association 2013 Survey: One-Third of American Workers Experience Chronic Work Stress

American Psychological Association 2013 Survey: One-Third of American Workers Experience Chronic Work Stress

According to the latest 2013 American Psychological Association (APA) survey over one-third of American workers experience chronic work stress. A recent APA’s Stress in America survey also indicated that nearly two-thirds of U.S. adults believe work is a significant source of stress and 35% of them typically feel stressed during the workday. According to Norman […]

Stress and Worrying Affect Short-Term Fluctuations in Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms

Stress and Worrying Affect Short-Term Fluctuations in Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms

In the July 2013 issue of Annals of Rheumatic Diseases, Evers et al. report that stress and worrying predict indicators of rheumatoid arthritis disease activity such as fatigue and pain. Psychological stress has been linked to the onset and course of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). While for the juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA), chronic stress appear to […]

‘Toxic’ News Overload versus Creativity and Deep Thinking

‘Toxic’ News Overload versus Creativity and Deep Thinking

Information overload is not a newly discovered phenomenon, but recently Rolf Dobelli provided some interesting thoughts and discussions about the detrimental influence on individuals and societies by the “toxic form of knowledge” called “news.” Moreover, in an essay entitled: “Avoid News: Towards a Healthy News Diet” he offers some ideas “how to get out of […]

Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone’s Inhibition of NLRP6 Inflammasome May Trigger Stress-Induced Enteritis in Mice

Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone’s Inhibition of NLRP6 Inflammasome May Trigger Stress-Induced Enteritis in Mice

In the June 2013 issue of Gastroenterology, Sun et al. demonstrate that in mice stress is able to inhibit NLRP6, through a corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)-dependent mechanism and to modify the composition of the gut microbiota, leading to intestinal inflammation. It is well known that psychological stress exacerbates the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Also, […]

Beta Adrenoreceptor – Src Kinase Signaling As a Trigger for Cancer Metastasis

Beta Adrenoreceptor – Src Kinase Signaling As a Trigger for Cancer Metastasis

In the July 2013 issue of Nature Communications, Armaiz-Pena et al. demonstrate that stress is able through activation of beta-adrenergic signaling in tumor cells to trigger a critical phosphorylation event, resulting in Src kinase activation, which in turn, can affect tumor growth and metastasis. Building on previous work showing that sympathetic nervous system activity can […]

Chronic Variable Stress May Promote Autoimmunity through Induction of Glucocorticoid Resistance

Chronic Variable Stress May Promote Autoimmunity through Induction of Glucocorticoid Resistance

A new European Journal of Immunology study links chronic stress and autoimmunity through a mechanism referred to as glucocorticoid resistance. The effect of psychological stress on autoimmunity is extremely complex, at multiple levels, and can be in either direction. Often, stress is related to both induction/exacerbation and amelioration of disease activity. Stress hormones selectively suppress […]