IL-17

Overview of the ”New Generation” Cytokines

Overview of the ”New Generation” Cytokines

In this review, published in Arthritis Research & Therapy Cem Gabay and Iain McInnes present the biology and relevant pathophysiology of several novel cytokines, with focus on their involvement in rheumatic diseases. This list includes the interleukin (IL)-1 superfamily (IL-18 and IL-33), the IL-12 superfamily (IL-27 and IL-35), the IL-2 superfamily (IL-15 and IL-21), and […]

PACAP as an Intrinsic Regulator of Treg Abundance

PACAP as an Intrinsic Regulator of Treg Abundance

A study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) provides perhaps the first evidence that endogenous pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) modulates the production or expansion of regulatory T cells (Treg) and T helper (Th)17 lymphocytes. PACAP is a 38-amino-acid neuropeptide identified in 1989 from […]

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