history neuroscience immunology

Bartolomeo Eustachius and the Discovery of Adrenal Glands

Bartolomeo Eustachius and the Discovery of Adrenal Glands

HISTORY OVERVIEWS Bartolomeo Eustachio was born in 1524 in San Severino Marche, a little town situated in the center of Italy and belonging at that time to the Papal States. He received from his father, Mariano, a physician said to be of noble family, an excellent classical education. Eustachio’s studies in Greek, Hebrew and Arabic […]

Serguei Metalnikov – 1920s – Introducing the Concept of Immune Conditioning

Serguei Metalnikov – 1920s – Introducing the Concept of Immune Conditioning

HISTORY OVERVIEWS Any student of physiology is thoroughly familiar with Pavlov’s original work on classical conditioning, which was carried out in the 1900’s and established the concept of associative learning. Less well-known, however, are the implications this paradigm had for the study of neuro-immune interactions, a direction first notably pursued by Serguei Metalnikov at the […]