history medicine

Bridging Neurosciences and Immunology – An Overview

Bridging Neurosciences and Immunology – An Overview

HISTORY OVERVIEWS The brain and the immune system, or the “supersystems”, a term coined by Tomio Tada (1997), are the two major adaptive systems of the body. Although the immune system has been often regarded as autonomous, the evidence accumulated over several decades indicates that the central nervous system (CNS) receives messages from the immune […]

Disease-Environment Interactions: Another Contribution of Louis Pasteur

Disease-Environment Interactions: Another Contribution of Louis Pasteur

HISTORY OVERVIEWS Threats of bioterrorism have renewed interest in learning more about all aspects of anthrax, particularly its deadly spores. In 1878, Louis Pasteur conducted a famous experiment on the virulence of anthrax bacilli. In so doing, he provided a sound experimental basis for the current day concept of how the environment of humans and […]