New Concepts

Sympathetic Dysautonomia in Fibromyalgia: Brief Overview

Sympathetic Dysautonomia in Fibromyalgia: Brief Overview

Fibromyalgia (FM) is a stress-related disorder that…

The Power of Positive Stress and a Research Roadmap

The Power of Positive Stress and a Research Roadmap

Stress is everywhere. In evolutionary terms, given…

Opinions

Thymus Emergence & Evolution of Immune and Neuroendocrine Systems

Thymus Emergence & Evolution of Immune and Neuroendocrine Systems

Galen (129 – 210 or 216 AD) first described an organ located…

History

Bridging Neurosciences and Immunology – An Overview

Bridging Neurosciences and Immunology – An Overview

The brain and the immune system, or the “supersystems”, a term coined…

Commentaries & Fundamental or Clinical Categories

First Evidence That Th22 Cells May Contribute To the Pathogenesis of Graves’ Disease

First Evidence That Th22 Cells May Contribute To the Pathogenesis of Graves’ Disease

Commentary on the article: A High Frequency of Circulating Th22 and Th17 Cells in Patients with New…

Neural Control of Immunity

Acid Sensing By Sensory Neurons in Inflammation

Acid Sensing By Sensory Neurons in Infla…

Chronic inflammatory conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), are characterized by continuous…

ATP as a Neuromediator at the Brain-Immune Interface

ATP as a Neuromedia…

The purinergic signaling system, also known…

Hormones and Immunity

Endogenous Catecholamines in Immune Cells: Discovery, Functions And Clinical Potential as Therapeutic Targets

Endogenous Catecholamines in Immune Cell…

The catecholamines dopamine, noradrenaline and adrenaline are well established neurotransmitters and neurohormones.…

Sex Hormones and Immunoregulation

Sex Hormones and Im…

The sexual dimorphism in immune responses…

Neuroendocrine Immunology of Autoimmunity

Pregnancy and Rheumatoid Arthritis

Pregnancy and Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic, chronic inflammatory disorder, characterized by symmetrical…

Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Function in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Hypothalamic-Pituit…

The neuroendocrine and the immune system…

Neuro-Immune Dysfunction in Human Diseases

Neuroendocrine-Immune Interactions in Lung Inflammatory Diseases

Neuroendocrine-Immune Interactions in Lu…

Inflammation is the body’s response to insults. During inflammation, various inflammatory cells…

Aging Alters Sympathetic Noradrenergic Innervation and Immune Reactivity in the Lymphoid Organs: Strategies to Reverse Neuro-Immune Senescence

Aging Alters Sympat…

Current therapeutic strategies in medicine emphasize…